One hundred years ago – September 1916.

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On the front page of the 5th September edition is an advertisement for wooden 5-bar field gates, portable buildings, pigeon fanciers’ lofts and motor car houses. All are constructed in timber (creosoting is extra). The supplier is F. W. Barker & Co, Nottingham, and all goods are priced to include carriage paid to any station. This is the first time that “out of area” traders have used the Gazette for advertising.

A. W. Cock, Auctioneer, offers for sale the following Bideford properties: – 25 Victoria Grove, 19 & 20 New Street, 50 Honestone Street and 22 Milton Place. All these properties have tenants in residence.

On the 12th September edition there is a half-page advert “Labour required for building munitions factories”. Navvies and labourers not yet engaged in national work will be accepted. Every man enrolled will be given a certificate showing the service he has rendered to the country.

A public meeting of town traders convened by Bideford Chamber of Trade considered the question of closing shops earlier during the autumn and winter months because of the new public lighting order introduced by the government and to compensate for depleted staffing problems. The Chamber recommended 6pm closing on Monday, Thursday and Friday; 7pm on Tuesday and 8pm on Saturday. (Late night shopping is not a recent concept.)

The Vicar of Northam, Prebendary M D Dimond–Churchward, has announced his resignation due to advancing years. He was well known for his advocacy of Temperance and spoke extensively on the topic.

In Hartland, Mr W. T .Westlake has presented the United Methodist Church with a nice new clock.

At Parkham a slow corn harvest is blamed on the showery weather, rainfall during August having been 4.07 inches.

A heart-warming story comes in the District news from Alwington and we quote it here. “A good deal is heard about the young men slackers in North Devon. Many of them do not seem to have the same enthusiasm to serve their country as even the children, girls and women in their midst. Throughout the school holidays many of the children as well as their mothers, gave valuable help to the farmers during the corn harvest. One girl of 11 years led the horses for her father, while others assisted in binding. A farmer’s wife drove the horses whilst riding on the machine while another pitched the corn. Others helped by driving the loads from the fields. On one farm a Superintendent of Police, on holiday from the East Coast, rendered yeoman service in the field while his daughters milked the cows and also helped in the cornfields”.

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford & District Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings. You can also follow us on our Facebook page, Bideford & District Community Archive.

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‘Fish and chip club’.

fish-and-chip-club-poster

 A group run by the “Ageing Well” project – a “Fish and Chip Club” for over 60s will be held at the Royal Plaice in Appledore on the third Thursday of the month from 12:30 – 2pm.

It will cost £5 per person for fish, chips and a hot drink and transport can be provided. If you would like to come along, please ring Doreen on 01237 471394 to book a place or to arrange transport. Alternatively ring the Ageing Well team on 01805 622666 if you would like more information.

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One hundred years ago – August 1916.

BCAlogo

Hay and Straw Harvest continues – 27 acres of corn in the ground to be sold from Stone Farm, Buckland Brewer, for owner Mr Grigg; 44 acres of corn and rape for Mr Dennis at Adjavin Farm on the outskirts of Bideford, and lastly Thomas Squance of Wood Town Alwington has 13 acres of corn and clover buds for sale.

4, Marine Parade, Appledore is offered for sale by auction by Messrs R Blackmore. The property has 6 bedrooms, box and linen rooms, a cellar for wine, one WC inside and another outside at the rear. It also boasts an artist’s studio in the attic roof. A Buckland Brewer farm known as Addipit consisting of 58 acres about a mile from the village is for sale. Also 16 acres of land adjoining the farm known as Big Merry Field are also for sale by Smyth Richards, Stapleton & Fox, Bideford Land Agents.

The problem of shortage of farm labour has been addressed by the Government. On Monday 7th August 1916 at 2.00pm from the balcony of the New Inn, Market Square a talk will be given about the new government scheme for the registration of women to work on the land. Government certificates and armlets will be issued to those eligible. Mrs Daw of Yeolden will keep a register. There will be another repeat meeting at 8.30 pm for those unable to attend during the day. (The following week the newspaper records that over 30 women were recruited.)

On the 8th August the Board of Trade announce that the Army Council has decided to release 27,000 soldiers to assist with the harvest. Applications for help must be made through the local labour exchange before 12 noon on 4 days hence, on the12th August.

Members of Bideford Bridge Trust have visited Old Town Council School Gardens. 12 boys in the higher classes have been instructed by Mr Baxter & Mr White on how to till and grow vegetables. Each boy has been given a square pole of land (just over 5 square metres) for which they are entirely responsible and the whole group are tending a further 4 square poles. The boys were congratulated by the Mayor on their results after 5 months of work. Kent White and Middleton Wadey, both members of the school gardening club, proposed a Vote of Thanks to the Bridge Trust for providing the means to learn and receive instruction on such a useful subject. Both boys have won scholarships to Bideford Grammar School.

Excitement at Westward Ho! Life Guard assistance, 1916 style. On Thursday evening Miss Violet Lewis got into difficulties while out swimming and called for help. Mr W. T. Braddick of Bideford who was on the Pebble Ridge was one of the first to see her in need of assistance, he swam out to her partly dressed and gave her support and directed her movements. Lt. W.A. Puddicombe, also of Bideford, who is home on leave injured, Mr T. Hobling, Mr A. Baglow and a gentleman from Weare Gifford were among those who went out to render assistance, and the young lady was got safely in, none the worse for her experience.

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings. You can also follow us on our Facebook page, Bideford & District Community Archive.

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HMS ‘Alliance’ visits Lundy.

During the month of April 1967, the submarine HMS ‘Alliance’ was operating in home waters in the South of England and for a day or two anchored off Lundy. One submariner, whose name is unknown, came ashore and probably spent some time in the Tavern. On his return to the ship something happened to him and search parties both from the ship and from the island turned out to search for him. He was found hiding in the bushes somewhere on the side of the cliffs. The seaman was returned to his ship where he no doubt received the ‘due attention of his officers.’

Robert “Dave” Davey, the engineer on the island at the time had apparently been instrumental in the rescue of this seaman. Dave Davey had arrived on the island in 1964; he retired in 1981 and died sometime in the early 1990s. Soon after this incident, he received a handwritten letter from the commander of the submarine thanking him for turning out for the search and apologising for the problems that the man had given to everyone. A transcript of that letter is given here.

“H. M. S. Alliance at Sea,

22nd April 1967.

Dear Mr. Davey,

May I thank you and your friends (I regret I don’t know all their names), for so willingly turning out to search for this very stupid man. He was hiding in the bushes slightly up the cliff. At present he has no idea what all the fuss is about and we are in the process of informing him. It was such a dangerous manoeuvre that not only did it risk his life but the lives of us and particularly of yourselves. Again may I thank you and I hope you haven’t too bad an impression of us.

Yours sincerely,

T. E. Woods (Illegible), Lieutenant Commander Royal Navy.”

I made enquiries regarding H.M.S. Alliance and was very pleased to learn that she has been preserved and now forms part of the Royal Navy Submarine Museum in Gosport. She is the only surviving example of the A Class ‘Amphion’ class submarines. She was built by Vickers in Barrow-in-Furness and commissioned in 1947, serving in the Far East and in home waters. She had a crew complement of 5 officers and 56 ratings, was 87 feet in length with a beam of 22 feet and had a surface displacement of 1,620 tons. Her armament Allianceconsisted of ten torpedo tubes and two external 4 inch guns. She was decommissioned in 1973 and served as a training ship in Southampton until 1979, when she was preserved as a memorial to those British submariners who had died in service and is now part of the Submarine Museum at Gosport. She has been completely restored through an £11.00 million Heritage Lottery grant and is now available for visitors.

I contacted the Submarine Museum in Gosport, asking for any information they may have on the event and for the name of the commander of the submarine, as his signature on the letter is illegible.

I received a reply from the Portsmouth archives officer at the Museum. He confirms that the submarine was operating in home waters at the time and could well have anchored off Lundy, as she had made a Port visit to Falmouth around that period. He also confirmed the name of the captain, Lt. Commander T.E. Woods RN, in command of the ship from1966 to 1967. He has compared Commander Wood’s signature on the letter with his signature in the ship’s log book and confirmed that they agree. Apparently the records of the ship shed no further light on the incident.

There are many unanswered questions in this matter. Why did Lt. Commander Woods say that the seaman was ‘hiding up the cliff’? He does not say that he had fallen over the cliff side. He also states that the man ‘has no idea what all the fuss is about’, as if the seaman was either too drunk or otherwise incapacitated to remember the incident. In his letter Commander Woods states ominously that they are “in the process of informing him”. One feels that there should be an exclamation mark inserted after this comment.

This whole incident brings back memories of similar situations when drunken lighthouse keepers staggering back to the South Light from the tavern, fell over the cliffs and had to be rescued.

Roger Allen.

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Felicity’s sustainable fish cookery; August.

 

This month I thought a recipe from Brazil was appropriate – Olympics on their way!

Brazil is famous for their BBQ restaurants – Churrascarias – where huge portions of meat are served. This recipe is good for any ”meaty” fish such as rock salmon . (This is also an inexpensive choice if you can find it).

We will be demonstrating recipes for this fish at the Cook’s Tale Cookery Demonstration in Appledore on Friday 18th August.

Brazillian BBQ Rock Salmon – (4 portions).

Ingredients.

30g flat-leaf parsley, finely chopped.

I tsp dried oregano.

150ml. light olive oil.

1or 2 tsp. dried chilli flakes.

35ml. red wine vinegar.

1tsp. sea salt/ 1tsp.freshly ground black pepper.

12 x 2inch chunks of Rock Salmon/Huss.

Method.

For the Chimichurri Marinade – blanch the parsley for a minute in boiling water before plunging into ice water. Drain and pat dry with kitchen paper. Finely chop the parsley and place in a bowl with the rest of the marinade ingredients and stir well. Refrigerate in a sealed container and use within 3-4 days.

For the Fish : cut the Rock Salmon/Huss strips into 12 pieces , put them in a bowl and toss with the marinade until evenly coated. Cover bowl with cling film and chill for at least 4 hours.

Thread the Fish chunks on 4 metal skewers ; vegetable chunks such as peppers or onion can also be added.Lightly salt and pepper, and grill or BBQ for 2 – 3 minutes on both sides.

The fish should be opaque and feel just firm when lightly pressed.Allow to rest for about 5 minutes before serving.

Enjoy what I hope will be a long hot August!

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Come and see us in Appledore from 18th-21st August and listen and learn from our ‘Sharks Tales’: more details on appledoresustainablefish facebook.

Felicity.

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Two Bideford-built schooners of the Nineteenth Century.

Buzz” was contacted in June by Roger Banfield of Scilly seeking information on the schooner “Vivid”, built in Bideford in 1851 (see Shipping Notes 136, July edition). Mr. Banfield undertakes maritime history research for his own interest, and also in support of the Isles of Scilly Museum.

He has now concluded his research on “Vivid”, and has sent us full details. In addition, he has provided details of another schooner, “Waterlily”, also built in Bideford, in 1841. “Buzz” is very grateful, particularly for his kind permission to publish his work in full.

These two monographs contain a wealth of detail on the ships, their histories, owners, voyages, crew, and also the history and background of their builders. They provide a fascinating snapshot of Bideford’s maritime past in the mid-nineteenth century.

Incidentally, Mr. Banfield has offered to help anyone researching the history of Scilly-built vessels. Any such enquiries (or comments on the article) can be sent via editor@bidefordbuzz.org.uk and will be forwarded to him, or else leave a comment on this post.

Vivid” – Schooner

Details of Ship:-

Built: 1851

Type: Schooner.

Dimensions: Length: 81.0 ft. Beam: 20.1 ft. Depth of Hold: 13.1 ft.

Tonnage: 131 tons (12years A1) (tonnage varied between 117 tons to 131 tons)

Builder: Thomas Waters, Cross Park, Bideford, Devon (In business from 1845 – 1873, see details below)

Owners: 1852 – 1860, Lebrey & Co. (Possibly Ann Banfield)

1861 – 1869, Possibly W. Nicholson

1867, William Burnyeat of Whitehaven

1880 – 1881, J. Graham, registered at Whitehaven.

Captains: 1851 – 1853, Lakey (possibly Edmund Lakey b. 1821) (Interestingly, there was a vessel called the “Vivid” built in Scilly in 1843, which was abandoned on 1st April 1851, and lost. The same captain then took over the “Vivid” that was built in Bideford).

1852 – 1860, E. Lebrey.

1861 – 1869, Possibly N. Beck

1863, Britton

1864 – 1865, Capt. Clegg

1880, Capt. J. Mayes.

Trade: Coastal & Foreign: Bideford, Mediterranean, Scilly, New York, Palermo, Bristol, Cardiff, Falmouth, Hamburg, Antwerp, Marseilles, Smyrna, Jamaica, London, Holyhead, Whitehaven, Dublin, Pomaron, Gloucester, Belfast, Liverpool, Messina, Pomaron.

Cargo: 1852, Coffee

1863, Oil.

1864, 1879, Iron ore.

1870, Bricks.

Port of Registry: 1852 – 1860, Scilly

1861 – 1869, Whitehaven

1880, Whitehaven.

Port of Survey: 1852 – 1860, Bideford

1861 – 1869, Whitehaven.

Signal: K.G.S.B.

Official No.: 9301

Demise: Wreck reported in the Times newspaper, Saturday, 5th March, 1881, page 12: ‘A small schooner was wrecked yesterday morning on Longness, Isle of Man, all hands drowned. A piece of a vessel marked “Vivid”, schooner, of Whitehaven, 117 tons register, has been picked up’.

1851, Seamen’s Crewlists for Cornwall:-

Browne Edward

Current Ship: VIVID of Scilly,  Trade: Foreign

Age: 21

Born: Kingstown           Ticket No: 241218

Seaman

Date Joined: 11 Aug 1851         Place Joined: Bideford

Ellis James

Current Ship: VIVID of Scilly,  Trade: Foreign

Age:

Ticket No: 194996

Apprentice

Date Joined: 11 Aug 1851        Place Joined: Indentured at Bideford

Lakey Charles

Current Ship: VIVID of Scilly Trade: Foreign

Age: 22

Born: Scilly Ticket No: 157377

Seaman

Date Joined: 11 Aug 1851      Place Joined: Bideford

Penrose William P

Current Ship: VIVID of Scilly Trade: Foreign

Age: 20

Ticket No: 490017

Seaman

Date Joined: 10 Sep 1851        Place Joined: Cardiff

CROSS PARK, BIDEFORD, DEVON (Thomas Waters):­-

Source: “Ship Building in North Devon” by Grahame Farr. Maritime monographs and reports No. 22 – 1976.

The next building site, as we follow the river Torridge bank, is Cross Park, the downstream part of East-the-Water facing the town of Bideford. Several builders are described as of Cross Park and dates indicate the presence of at least two yards. Before dealing with the yards in the Port of Bideford, however, it must be explained that with a number of builders the precise location of their yards is unknown. They could have been anywhere in the Port. Others are known to have been at Appledore but the information necessary to pinpoint their yards has not been discovered.

CROSS PARK. Known builders at Cross Park begin with William Heard, who built the 15-ton sloop “Ville de Paris”, in 1793. This is an unexpected name when one considers the French declared war on Britain on 1 February in that year, beginning the First French Revolutionary War.

William Taylor was a prolific builder between 1802-30 and at least 37 vessels of his can be named.

William Brook built at another East-the-Water yard from about 1824 to 1843. An old map in Bideford Museum, dated 1842, shows it to have been the northernmost property save one below Bideford Bridge. The property beyond was Lake’s Limekiln, which can still be seen. The earliest vessel traced to Brook is the brigantine “Apollo”, 179 tons, of 1824, a Mediterranean trader. A total of seventeen can be listed and his last was the largest – the barque “Alice Maud”, 464 tons. In 1839 Brook had a contretemps with Thomas Corey, a Bristol shipowner, who alleged the barque “Milford”, 325 tons, was six months late on delivery. In fact Corey brought a tug from Bristol to fetch the vessel, but later denied he had taken her by force. The press reports are interesting in that they quote the contract price for the vessel – £2,752 7s. Such figures are difficult to ascertain in the absence of surviving company books.

William Brook fell ill in 1843 and died three years later, aged 51. In 1844 his yard was taken over by Thomas Waters – probably the same who was building ships at Clovelly from about 1827 to 1840. His first vessel at Cross Park was the sloop “Ebenezer”, 22 tons, in 1845. Other small craft followed, but in 1854 he built on speculation a barque which bore the temporary name of “Chieftain”, apparently his only venture above the 200 tons category. Soon after her launch she was bought by Thomas Evans, a local shipowner (probably in fact the former shipbuilder at Cleave House) who registered her as “Ellen Sophia”, but sold her on the very next day to Edward Fernandez, of Instow.

During 1857-9 William Waters signed three builder’s certificates, for the “Fairy”, Leader” and “St. Germans”, which probably indicates he was the son of Thomas. William seems to have branched out on his own in 1860 and built two schooners at the Sea Locks yard ‘above bridge.’ Thomas continued at Cross Park until 1873 and died two years later. Twenty-four vessels can be identified with his yard.

CLOVELLY. The only place in North Devon, west of the Torridge, where shipbuilding has been practiced on a commercial scale is Clovelly. There are several builders listed from 1801 to 1818.

We next find Richard Mill and Thomas Waters building the fishing smack “Ranger”, 30 tons. Vernon Boyle quoted the Exeter Gazette, October 1827, reporting the launch:-

Nearly the whole of the population ws on the beach and quay and all the fishing boats were tastefully decorated, not with colours flying, but with herrings and other fish suspended from poles and waving gracefully in the air, which was rent with the shouts of the multitudes when the “Ranger” glided gracefully into briny deep.’

Thomas Waters later built several sloops and smacks at Clovelly, and in 1840 the schooner “Providence” was attributed to John Waters, but this might be a mistake. The “Providence”, almost 60 ft long and of 76 tons register must have been difficult to launch down this exposed beach. By 1845 Thomas Waters was building ships at Cross Park, Bideford, as we have already seen.

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Waterlily ” – Schooner

Details of Ship:-

Built: 1841.

Type: Schooner.

Tonnage: 84 tons (Lloyd’s Register of 1850)

Builder: Robert Johnson, East-the-Water, Bideford, Devon.

12 yrs. A1.

(see below for full details on Robert Johnson)

Measurement: Length: 59.4 ft. Beam: 16.2 ft.

Owners: 1842 – 1849, Williams.

1850 – 1852, Bastian & Co., Scilly. Harry Weymouth & S. Davies.

Captains: 1842 – 1843, C. Burtt.

1843 – 1849, T. Major.

1850, Francis Bastion

1851 – 1852, J. Bastion

Trade: Foreign. 1842, Bideford, Swansea, London.

1843, London to Bideford.

1850 – 1852, Liverpool to Mediterranean.

St. John’s, Newfoundland, Oporto, Boston, Falmouth, Scilly.

Registered: 1843 – 1849, Bideford.

1850 – 1852, Scilly.

Signal:

Official No.:

Demise: 17.4.1852, Source: Daily News.:-

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.

CASUALTIES. “Waterlily”, Bastian, sailed from St. John’s, Newfoundland, Dec. 17, for Zante, and has not since been heard of.

1851, Crew List:-

Ashford James

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly Trade: Foreign

Age: 30

Born: St Martins Scilly Ticket No: 68417

Seaman

Date Joined: 06 May 1851         Place Joined: Liverpool

Previous Ship: EXPRESS of Scilly

BT 98/: 2703

Bastian Francis

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly         Trade: Foreign

Age: 33

Ticket No: 50704

Master

Date Joined: 06 May 1851         Place Joined: Liverpool

Previous Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly

BT 98/: 2703

Clarke James

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly Trade: Foreign

Age: 17

 Ticket No: 500495

Cook & Seaman

Date Joined: 06 May 1851         Place Joined: Liverpool

Date Left: 22 Jul 1851        Place Left: London

Previous Ship: SLANEY of Belfast

BT 98/: 2703

Ellis Edwin C

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly

Age: 23

Born: Scilly        Ticket No: 71603

Mate

Date Joined: 05 Sep 1851        Place Joined: Scilly

Previous Ship: MINERVA of Scilly

Comments: MT 70089

BT 98/: 2703

Ellis Samuel

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly

Age: 27

Born: Scilly        Ticket No: 247188

Mate

Date Joined: 12 May 1851         Place Joined: Scilly

Date Left: 22 Jul 1851       Place Left: London        Why Left: Discharged

Previous Ship: VESPER of Scilly

Comments: MT 58817

BT 98/: 2703

Hocking William

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly, Trade: Foreign

Age: 27

Born: Falmouth            Ticket No: 296319

Seaman

Date Joined: 06 May 1851          Place Joined: Liverpool

Date Left: 22 Jul 1851           Place Left: London Discharged

Previous Ship: CORK PACKET of Fowey

BT 98/: 2703

Parrott Thomas

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly,  Trade: Foreign

Age: 20

Born: Llanelly           Ticket No: 480108

Seaman

Date Joined: 05 Sep 1851           Place Joined: Scilly

Previous Ship: ANN of Southampton

Comments:

BT 98/: 2703

Watts William James

Current Ship: WATERLILY of Scilly ,Trade: Foreign

Age: 15

Born: Scilly           Ticket No: 419567

Boy

Date Joined: 05 Sep 1851           Place Joined: Scilly

Previous Ship: First vessel

BT 98/: 2703

1851, Previous Crew Member:-

Leopold Charles

Current Ship: TELL TALE of Penzance,  Trade: Foreign

Age: 28

Ticket No: 483460

Seaman

Date Joined: 20 May 1850           Place Joined: Liverpool

Date Left: 28 Aug 1850         Place Left: Labrador         Why Left: Deserted

Previous Ship: WATERLILY

Comments: aka Lepold

BT 98/: 2676

EAST-THE-WATER, BIDEFORD, DEVON (Robert Johnson):­-

Source: “Ship Building in North Devon” by Grahame Farr. Maritime monographs and reports No. 22 – 1976.

EAST-THE-WATER. Close to the bridge, on the river Torridge, was the Johnson yard. It was old established, but who was there before Robert Johnson took over – about 1839 – is uncertain. Through two generations the output there was prolific, at least 78 vessels being attributable, the last in 1877. Robert Johnson died in 1855, aged 61, and his wife Ann took an active part for the following four years or so, even signing builder’s certificates. The son, John, carried on from 1858, at first using the title Robert Johnson and Son.

The Johnsons produced all manner of craft from smacks to barques. Their first was the schooner “Isabel”, 109 tons, of which the principal owner was Captain John Swinsdale, of Appledore. Other owners were of Liverpool, and in a short life of two years she shuttled between Liverpool and Egypt, bringing cotton on the homeward passage. One of Johnson’s smallest, the smack “Surprise”, 49 tons, built for Captain James Braund of Bucksh, was sailed out to New Zealand. The yard also built a number of vessels for Brixham and Dartmouth owners in the Newfoundland trade, for Plymouth and Bideford owners in the Mediterranean trade, and for Salcombe owners in the soft fruit trade. A few were run by the family themselves before being sold, and frequently they retained an eighth share. Their first vessel over 200 tons was the brigantine “Georgiana”, 231 tons, in 1853, for the local shipowner George Braginton, and in the next year the same owner had the brigantine “Clara Louisa”, 181 tons. Johnson’s first barque was the “Hugo”, 369 tons, in 1862 for London owners, and the largest they built in this rig was the “Florence Danver”, 498 tons, of 1865, which, with the “Beatrice”, 455 tons, in the same year, went to Swansea owners for the ore trade. On the other end of the scale John Johnson built the only two vessels of the short-lived Bideford Deep Sea Fishing Company, the “Dolphin”, 40 tons, in 1860, and the “Morning Star”, 49 tons, in 1867. An unusual job was the rebuilding of the Austrian bark “Pace”.

John Johnson built his last vessel in 1877, the schooner “Mary Walter”, which it so happens was wrecked on the Newfoundland coast in the following year.

Details of Voyages:-

12.7.1844, Source: Royal Cornwall Gazette.:-

SHIP NEWS.

FALMOUTH.

FOREIGN.

THURSDAY – Sailed, the “Waterlily”, Major, for Liverpool.

11.4.1851, Source: Liverpool Mercury.:-

SHIP NEWS.

EUROPE.

Waterlily”, Bastian, 72, Oporto – Cotesworth, Wynne, and Co.

23.5.1851, Source: Cornish Telegraph, Arrived at Scilly:-

Arrived: May 12. “Waterlily”, Boston, from Liverpool.

Sailed: May 13. “Waterlily”, Boston for Oporto

17.4.1852, Source: Daily News.:-

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.

CASUALTIES.

Waterlily”, Bastian, sailed from St. John’s, Newfoundland, Dec. 17, for Zante, and has not since been heard of.

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Felicity’s sustainable fish cookery – July.

gurnard

Here is my simple version of Seafood Tagliatelli.

 

Ingredients. (Serves 4, takes 20 mins).

350g/12oz Tagliatelli / Spaghetti.

2tbsb olive oil.

3 garlic cloves, finely chopped.

400g can of chopped tomatoes.

200g jar of cockles in vinegar, drained and washed.

150g skinless fillet of Pollock, fresh or smoked.

Pinch of dried chilli flakes.

2 tbsp. chopped fresh parsley or tarragon.

100g Mussel meat – optional.

 

Method.

Cook the pasta in a pan of salted boiling water for 10-12 mins, until al dente. Test by tasting or cutting easily.

1. Meanwhile, heat the oil in a frying pan then fry the garlic for 30 seconds. Add the tomatoes and cook for 2-3 minutes.

2. Dice the skinned Pollock fillet and add and cook for 5 mins, while draining and washing the cockles and chilli flakes, season and stir through. Leave to rest in the frying pan.

  1. Drain the pasta and return to the pan. Stir in the pasta sauce and serve sprinkled with chopped parsley or torn tarragon.

 

Next month, I will be looking for a skate dish to sample.

From Thursday 18th to Monday 22nd August we will be running events for Appledore Sharks Tales Events. On Friday 19th Aug. there will be a Skate, Ray and Huss cookery demonstration and lunch – and we will be shucking scallops too! Everyone welcome. See appledoresustainablfish facebook page.

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One hundred years ago – July 1916.

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Hay and Straw Harvest.                           The 1916 crop is to be held for Army purposes. Under Defence of the Realm Regulations all hay, oat and wheat straw on the 1916 crop of England and Wales now standing in the field in bulk or as and when it is harvested will be bought by the Government. At this stage there are no instructions to farmers as to how they may secure their own supplies.

In the Bideford Borough Tribunal the Recruiting Sergeant has complained that Sidney Smith, aged 39, a motor driver in the employment of H. Hopkins, was to be allowed exemption to undertake driving duties for Mr Metherell who is required to go and buy hay and straw for the Government up to October this autumn.

The August Bank Holiday this year will be suspended. The Government, said Prime Minister Mr Asquith, has decided that it is essential in the national interest that there shall be no holidays, general or local and a Proclamation would be made to this effect.

Schoolboys both in Old Town Boys School and in the Grammar School have volunteered to help with the harvest. No extension to the set dates will be allowed despite several pleas from Councillors.

Bideford Town Council was anxious to secure a larger supply of water for the growing urban area. Late last year they had visited a possible site between Upcott and West Ashridge farms where a new reservoir might be built by throwing a dam across the Jennetts stream. In February this year an engineer had visited the site and measured water flows, and calculated that a reservoir of 27 million gallons could be built. It was envisaged the Gammaton Reservoir would continue to supply the summer requirements and the new lake will help with the winter demand.

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings.

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Felicity’s sustainable fish cookery : June.

fish ad

This dish, developed in New Orleans in 1899, was named after the richest man in America – John D. Rockefeller – as it has a very rich taste!

Oysters Rockefeller.

Ingredients-for 24 Oysters to share

I garlic clove.

Half a bag of fresh spinach.

I bunch of watercress, stems trimmed and bunch of chopped spring onions.

Unsalted butter.

Half a cup of breadcrumbs.

1 tablespoon Pernod.

Half a tsp Tabasco.

24 fresh Oysters, shucked, reserved in their shells.

Parmesan cheese ,grated.

Method

  1. Heat the oven to a high setting.
  2. Chop garlic in small food processor adding spinach, watercress and spring onions.
  3. Process until mixture is finely chopped.
  4. Place in a bowl then combine butter, breadcrumbs, Pernod, fennel and tabasco sauce in processor. Process until well blended
  5. Return spinach mixture to processor. Process briefly until mixtures are blended. Season with salt and pepper.
  6. At this point sprinkle rock-salt over a large baking sheet -half an inch deep and arrange oysters in rounded half shells on top. This keeps the shells upright and ensures they retain their juices.
  7. Top each oyster with 1Tbsp. of green vegetable mix. Sprinkle with cheese.
  8. Bake until cheese browns on top -about 8mins.

Serve hot with a refreshing drink.

Oyster Dressings-

Mother’s Ruin – Gin, lime red chilli.

Retro – Pernod, shallots, white wine vinegar.

The Wurzels – Apple, ginger, cider vinegar.

Turning Japanese – Wasabi, pickled ginger, rice wine vinegar.

Buck the Trend – Sea buckthorn, cider vinegar, Vodka, sugar.

The Frenchay – Shallots, red wine vinegar.

– or just Plain with a squeeze of lemon.

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One hundred years ago – June 1916.

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War-time appeals continue.

The Royal Navy appeal to the Bideford men with sea experience to join up for the Yacht Patrol Division in the Royal Navy. Seamen and firemen can be guaranteed £1-10s per week with 10 shillings food allowance when not victualled. Assistant cooks and stewards will be paid £1-5s per week and 3rd Engineers £2-8-0d. They are also seeking carpenters who will be paid £1-15s per week.

The waste paper collection system set up and described in last month’s edition is now fully operational. The depot at the Fish Market is open Monday, Wednesday and Friday between 9 -1 o’clock. The patriotism encouraged by saving paper is further reinforced at the foot of the advertisement with the exultation “God Save the King”.

Appeals against call up are heard in all the local towns and in Bideford 27 were heard during the second week of June 1916. Albert Henry Prance, 28 of Mill Street, a fish and chip shop proprietor, applied for a second time for an additional period of exemption. His appeal was refused as it was felt that this work could be done by a woman. W C Friendship, a baker of Market Place, applied for exemption on behalf of Alexander Penhorwood, 28 and married. Another of his employees named Darch had been granted exemption on the ground that the bakery would not be able to function without them. Both were exempted until 1st October and Friendship was required to seek replacement staff as soon as possible. Miss Turner of Abbotsham appealed for extra time for Sidney Slee, 29, saying that Slee and a 14 year old boy were all that she had to look after the farm which included 73 bullocks and 87 sheep. This appeal was denied.

R.Blackmore and Sons, auctioneers, have been instructed to sell the following vehicles:

A 4-wheel dog cart.

Two-wheel Battlesden car. (Our research has found that this was a light 4 seater trap which is pulled by a pony)

A La Buire 5 seater Touring car 18 HP and leather upholstery

A Siddeley Wolseley 5 seat 12 HP tourer.

All these vehicles have been in private ownership and have been well looked after.”

R. D. Blackmore are advertising for auction at their Bideford Quay premises a considerable part of the estate of the late H.G.Heaven, Vicar of Lundy. Included are cut glass Bohemian vases, large Oriental jars, Dresden, Spode and Wedgwood china and many silver items weighing in total 750 ounces. The extensive sale catalogue concludes with a roasting jack!

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings.

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Lundy’s wartime farming problems.

 

In May 1940, Martin Coles Harman, the owner of Lundy, made the surprising decision to lease the island for a period of ten years to a Mr. Herbert A. Van Os. His reasons have never been fully understood, but the difficulties of reaching the island during the war, provisioning the island, and the shortage of staff may all have contributed to this decision. It is known that Mr. Felix William Gade, agent and administrator of Lundy from 1925 to 1971, was totally against this leasing arrangement. In his memoirs entitled “My Life on Lundy”, published in 1978, and in chapter 10, Mr. Gade tells us exactly what he thought of Mr. Van Os and his abilities as a farmer.

Van Os had a small farming business in Middlesex and persuaded Martin Coles Harman that he could run the farm on Lundy to a profit. He brought a couple of men with him, who turned out to have had no farming experience whatsoever, and a lady to run the hotel and shop. Mr. Gade and his wife Rene moved into Millcombe House, the home of the owners, with the remit of simply keeping a watchful eye on the farm activities.

In fact Gade still had to perform many of the farm tasks, such as sheep shearing, ploughing and repairing and maintaining of machinery, as Van Os and his men were quite incapable of performing these tasks. The sheep were uncared for and most lambs died, the crops were not harvested in time and rotted in the fields and the deer were shot in large numbers, including the last of the fallow deer. The shippons were not cleared of dung and the cows not milked on time. One of the only two work horses on the island was allowed to die of a chill. The whole farming structure of the island was virtually wrecked and left in ruins when Van Os finally departed.

Probably at Gade’s suggestion, Martin Coles Harman came down, alone, to Lundy for Christmas 1941 and after discussions with Van Os which were likely to have been very heated (although Gade in his memoirs does not specifically say so), in February 1942 Van Os and his employees departed Lundy.

The Gades soldiered on for the rest of the war, restoring and running the farm, keeping the island supplied and dealing with the few visitors that were able to get there. There was a small Royal Navy Contingent of men billeted at the Old Light and the Light House keepers to provide occasional volunteer work, plus one or two other workers that remained. The island had no ship of its own during the war and all ships and visitors to the island, including even the owners, had to obtain permits from Admiral H. G. Franklin, the commandant of the Appledore and estuary area, who handed them out grudgingly.

Documents with the signature of Herbert Van Os from the period he was on Lundy are very rare but a single item, a postcard, is in the collection of the writer of these notes. It is dated Nov. 1941, and indicates that at least some farming activity was carried on during that unfortunate time. Typically, no postage stamps were placed on the card, which bears postage due stamps for 4d.

L1

Addressed to Messrs G. T. Andrews & Sons Ltd., Town Mills, Barnstaple, the text ran as follows:- “We have today shipped to you the undermentioned:-

46 lbs Locks.

7 lbs Fleece.

The above will be laying at Royal Navy Stores, The Quay, Appedore. Hope that you can collect when in district. Have you sent off poultry grain and have I coupons for a sack of middlings? (Signed) Herbert Van Os.”

L2

This short text actually says quite a lot. It shows that sheep were being shorn, even though probably by Mr. Gade, and that the wool was being transferred and sold on the mainland. Interestingly the fleeces were being deposited in the Royal Naval Stores at Appledore, under the beady eye of Admiral Franklin no doubt. It is also worthy of note that in war time, farmers still needed ‘coupons’ to purchase some of their supplies, in the same way as ration books were issued to the ordinary citizens. And what are ‘Middlings’ ? *

This story of Herbert Van Os and Lundy during wartime is covered in much greater detail by Mr. Gade in his memoirs, as indeed he covers almost every moment of the last 53 years of his life that he spent on Lundy.

Roger Allen.

****
*

‘Middlings’.

29th April.

Dear Editor,

My wife and I thoroughly enjoyed reading the May edition of Bideford Buzz, particularly the articles on ‘War Time Savings’ and ‘Wartime Farming Problems’ on Lundy.

In the latter, Roger Allen queries, “What are Middlings?”

I remembered that they were a form of second quality wheat, but checked for a fuller definition in a post-war book of mine, entitled “The Principles and Practice of Feeding Farm Animals” (1st published – 1940). I attach the entry for Roger’s enlightenment (see below).

Many thanks for your efforts in producing your fine community newsletter.

Yours sincerely,

John Hobbs. (Buckland Brewer)

Middlings

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Felicity’s sustainable fish cookery; May.

fish ad

Here is a recipe for Saffron Mayo -suitable for an accompaniment for grilled fish and any fish salad.

Saffron Mayo.

Ingredients.

150g Mayonnaise

¼ teaspoon Saffron Powder/Ground Saffron

Squeeze of fresh Lemon Juice

150ml Natural Yoghurt.

Method.

1. If you can source Saffron Powder, this recipe is easy!

2. To produce the ground saffron – dry fry the strands very briefly for 5 secs in a hot pan until crisp, then grind in a pestle and mortar. This can then be stored for future use.

3. Combine all the ingredients and chill.

4. Makes 300ml of primrose and gold coloured light mayonnaise.

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One hundred years ago – May 1916.

BCAlogo

War-time savings continue.

Street lighting.

The Mayor, Mr. F.R. Chope, hopes that in view of the Daylight Saving Bill having been passed by parliament no public lamps should be lit in the town during June, July and August.

Paper saving.

The Bideford UDC have decided to grant the Bideford Chamber of Trade rent free use of a loft at the market for the collection and disposal of waste paper which will be sent away and repulped. This will alleviate the shortage and deficiency created by restricted importation of wood pulp. The action would also considerably lessen the need for horses and manual labour. The store is over the Borough Fish Market and a paper baler will be purchased at a cost of £19:0:0d. Waste paper will be collected 3 times each week and can also be brought in.

Sapper W.H. Westlake, Royal Engineers, of Chanters Road Bideford has received the Silver medal of the Russian Order of St. George, fourth class, in recognition of gallant services at the second Battle of Ypres. Sapper Westlake was formerly in charge of Bideford Telephone Exchange and was a prominent member of the swimming club.

Lance Corporal Fred T. Cole, in acknowledging the receipt of a pair of knitted socks from Bideford, mentioned that they were spoilt when he took them into action in the pocket of his British Warm coat on March 8th. Only one bullet went through them but as the socks were folded it made so many holes that they were useless.

This advertisement appeared on the front page of the paper:

Farleighs Stores Bideford. Telephone 79.

A special offer of sardines for sale –

1000 small tins of Choice Quality @ 2½d.

1000 large tins of Good Quality @ 6½d.

500 large tins of Very Choice Quality @10½d.

500 medium tins of Finest French @ 8½d.

1000 tins of Skipper & Topmast Brand Brisling* in Oil and Tomato @6½d.

*(Brisling were formerly called sardines)

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings.

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Felicity’s sustainable fish cookery – April.

 

Mussels in Beer Broth with Cheesy Rarebits.

Ingredients.

For the Mussel broth –

2 Spring onions, finely chopped

2 garlic cloves-chopped

1 kg(2lb) fresh mussels, cleaned and beards removed

1 tbsp. cream

Handful of flat-leaf parsley, chopped

For the Rarebits-

50g(2oz) butter

1 leek, trimmed and finely sliced

25g(1oz) flour

1x330ml bottle beer- Clearwater Brewery beers are good!

125g(4oz) Cheddar grated

1or 2 tbsp. Dijon mustard

8 slices of Toast – sourdough, granary or white.

Method

1. For the rarebits – melt the butter in a pan. Add the leeks and cook until softened. Stir in the flour, cook for 2mins.then stir in 125ml(4floz) beer, the cheese and 1 tbsp. mustard. Season with a little black pepper. Let stand to combine.

2. In a lidded pan melt the remaining butter. Add the shallots and fry for 5 mins. or until golden. Add the garlic and the remaining beer, leave to bubble for 2-3 minutes.

3. Meanwhile, spread the rarebit mixture on the bread. Toast under a hot grill until melted and golden.

4. Tip in the mussels, then cover the pan with the lid and steam for 4-5 minutes, until opened (discard any that remain closed). Transfer the mussels to a serving bowl, leaving the liquor in the pan. Whisk the cream parsley with the remaining mustard into the mussel liquor. Season. Pour over the mussels.

Serve with the rarebits. Good to share with family and friends.

 

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One hundred years ago – April 1916.

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Mr A.W. Cock has auctioned three freehold properties in the town. These were 7 Elm Grove, 13 Vinegar Hill and a dwelling house and stables at 1 Bull Hill, the latter premises formerly known as ‘The Cornish Arms’.

Bideford Borough Council holds tribunals every week, sitting in the Town Hall, to hear and determine applications for exemption from military service. Herniman Prust Woodyard, 32 years old and a proprietor of a grocery and provisions merchant’s business, was granted exemption as long as he remains in his present occupation. He has been left single-handed, as both his assistants have joined up and his 5 brothers are already serving in the Army.

Albert Henry Prance, a Fish and chip shop proprietor, claimed that his wife could not carry on the business which would have to be closed if he went to war. It was obvious that such a business was a great advantage to the people living in the neighbourhood. He was granted a one month exemption.

Any ladies who are interested in Motor Cycling should inspect the latest model, the “Royal Ruby” 2-stroke motorcycle, perfect in every detail, now on show at Messrs .George Boyle, 1, Allhalland Street.

At a meeting of Bideford Urban District Council it was decided that the names of those who had volunteered for the war should be displayed on boards fixed on to the Market walls.

The Taw & Torridge Fishery Conservators heard a status report from the Superintendent Water Bailiff. Large numbers of salmon have passed through the town and on to the upper waters of both rivers. Salmon fishing was very good and a good number of fish have been taken. The weather has been too cold for trout fishing.

Henry Hopkins of Bideford was summoned for using headlights on his motorcycle at 10.10pm on 29th March. He pleaded guilty through ignorance. Superintendent Hulland said that under current wartime regulations, no headlights were to be carried within six miles of the sea or estuary. Mr Hopkins was fined 2/6d.

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings.

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