One hundred years ago – November 1918.

In the Gazette of 9th November we learn that President Wilson has transmitted to Germany the Terms of Surrender required by the Allies as reached at the Versailles meeting. There are reports of a German Naval mutiny; the Naval Commandant of Keil has been shot by his own sailors and in Hamburg and Cuxhaven the red Communist flag replaces the naval pennant.

On 12th November the Gazette proclaims “The Doom of Autocracy”. The Kaiser abdicates and there is revolution inside Germany. The Armistice has been signed and Hostilities ceased yesterday.

At the end of the month the German Fleet surrenders and 9 battleships, 5 battle cruisers, 7 light cruisers, 50 destroyers and numerous submarines are escorted across the North Sea to the mouth of the Firth of Forth where they will be taken to Scarpa Flow. The newspaper also reports that the local Regiment, 2nd Devons, are to take part in the triumphal march to the Rhine.

Nationally, a General Election has been called for 14th December. The Prime Minister Lloyd George and Mr Bonar Law publish a joint manifesto and election meetings are advertised in the Market Hall in Bideford on November 29th at 8pm, when Mr C S Parker will address the meeting. (Charles Sandbach Parker, Conservative, failed to be elected in the Barnstaple Constituency, losing by 602 votes). Women electors are holding a meeting in the Town Hall at Bideford at 3pm, moving to Northam at 7.30pm and Appledore at 8.30pm. These meetings will be chaired by Mrs C S Parker and the speaker will be Miss Taylor from Exeter.

(With the hindsight that 100 years affords, we know that the War has ended but on the Home Front little has changed; locally more mundane matters make the headlines in the paper).

Bideford Fuel & Lighting Committee state that under the terms of the 1918 Fuel Wood Order licences will be needed to sell a maximum of 2 tons per year to domestic homes. Industry is not subject to this restriction. These licences can be obtained from Mr E J Labbett, Local Fuel Overseer.

Readers are urged to register their ration of jam, marmalade and sugar at Tattersall’s and Farleigh’s Stores.

The Western Express and Torrington Gazette report that the yield of potatoes is far larger than anticipated and in many districts the yield is “extraordinary”.

Alfred Perrin of Barnstaple Auctions offered the Barley Mow Inn for sale. “The property has for some time since reported for compensation and was recently dealt with by the Compensation Committee at Exeter”. Mr John Curtis who owns the adjoining property was the purchaser at £430. (We have tried to research what this Committee did. Can any of our readers help?)

The influenza epidemic is diminishing; 9 deaths were reported this week in Bideford, which is less than half the previous week.

Bideford Fire Brigade, captained by Mr S Lee, was called to a business premises in Mill Street. The fire originated in a gas cooker in the kitchen at Mrs Wilson’s house but the fire was contained and the reported damage amounted to £200.

Thanksgiving Week services are held across North Devon. An open air meeting was held at Bone Hill, led by Rev. G Payne-Cook and W Charlewood, Leader of Northam UDC.

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These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford & District Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings or visit our website www.bidefordarchive.org.uk.

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Shipping notes No. 162 (September).

Bideford Quay.

A vessel is expected to load between 8/12th October.

Yelland Quay.

Tug Sarah Gray and floating crane sailed from Yelland approx 10.00 2nd September, bound for Milford Haven. Sarah Grey returned to Yelland 19.30 30th.

Appledore.

LE George Bernard Shaw on second sea trials 24th at 18.10. Returned to shipyard at 19.40 26th. (At the time of publication, no news when vessel will depart again).

Bristol Channel Observations.

1/9 at 19.35 container vessel Maike D, 7,844 tons d.w., owners Maike Schiffahrts GMBH Germany, inward bound for Portbury.

2/9 at 07.50 vehicle carrier Genius Highway, 21,000 tons d.w., owners Ray Car Carriers Israel, inward bound for Portbury. (Seen again at 20.20 3rd outward bound from Portbury, having sailed at 15.27). At 13.20 cargo vessel Arklow Rover, 4,933 tons d.w., owners Ivermore Shipping Ltd Eire, outward bound from Swansea having sailed at 09.45. At 16.31 the paddle steamer Waverley, 693 gross tons, owners Paddle Steamer Preservation Society UK, headed towards Ilfracombe, having sailed from Lundy at 16.05.

3/9 at 0635 vehicle carrier Aires Leader, 18,808 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury.

4/9 at 19.25 bulk carrier Sider Joy, 26,307 tons d.w., owners Blamont Shipping Ltd Switzerland, inward bound for Newport.

5/9 at 08.07 fruit juice tanker Orange Wave, 16,900 tons d.w., owners Atlanship S.A. Switzerland, outward bound from Avonmouth having sailed at 03.23. At 08.17 tanker Stolt Redshank, 4,461 tons d.w., owners Brovig Stainless care of Stolt Tankers BV Holland, inward bound for Barry . (Seen again at 19.10 6th outward bound from Barry, having sailed at 15.35). At 12.05 paddle steamer Waverley, 693 gross tons, outward bound from Ilfracombe having sailed at 10.55. At 15.10 bulk carrier Aasnes, 4,015 tons d.w., owners A/s Aasen Shipping Norway, inward bound for Newport. At 19.20 container ship E R Hobart, 13,879 tons d.w., owners Reederi Blue Star Holding S.A Germany, inward bound for Portbury.

6/9 at 21.17 cargo vessel Arklow Bank, 8,565 tons d.w., owners Glenthorne Shipping Ltd Eire, inward bound for Newport. At 21.23 cruise ship Magellan, 40,052 gross tons, owners Cruise and Maritime Voyages U.K, outward bound from Avonmouth having sailed at 16.52. (As I have stated before, even though it was pitch dark cruise ships have their deck lights on for safety reasons).

7/9 at 0812 vehicle carrier Opal Leader, 12,200 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury.

10/9 at 10.00 cargo vessel Mirjam, 3,005 tons d.w., owners MV Mirjam LLP Netherlands, inward bound for Newport.

12/9 at 14.05 cargo vessel Kuper, 4,228 tons d.w., owners Kuper Shipping Ltd Latvia, inward bound for Newport. At 14.37 container vessel Nordic Lubeck, 13,200 tons d.w., owners Nordic Hamburg Group GMBH Germany, outward bound from Avonmouth having sailed at 09.54. At 14.50 bulk carrier Aasvik, 4,319 tons d.w., owners A/S Aasen Shipping Norway, inward bound for Port Talbot. At 15.06 cargo vessel Sheksna, 2,769 tons d.w., owners Donna Shipping Co Ltd Russia, outward bound from Cardiff having sailed at 10.44. At 16.25 bulk carrier Stella Naomi, 180,000 tons d.w., owners Stella Naomi Shipping Pte Ltd Singapore, inward bound for Port Talbot.

13/9 at 08.30 cargo vessel Truffaldino, 2,953 tons d.w., owners Waterway Shipping Lithuania, inward bound for Sharpness. At 11.00 cargo vessel Celtic Mariner, 3,676 tons d.w., owners Charles Willie & Co Charter Cardiff, inward bound for Cardiff. At 14.07 container ship Fresco Askold, 13,806 tons d.w., owners Astro Moon Shipping Co Russia, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 08.04. At 15.02 bulk carrier IDC Falcon, 55,803 tons d.w., owners Sahin Gemicilik Le Denizcilik Turkey, inward bound for Port Talbot.

14/9 at 11.25 bulk carrier Union Mariner, 81,964 tons d.w., owners Euroforum Marine Co Ltd Greece outward bound from Port Talbot, having sailed at 08.01 hrs.

15/9 at 17.37 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,670 tons d.w., owners United European Car Carriers Norway, inward bound for Portbury.

18/9 at 14.40 tanker Sea Power, 13,096 tons d.w., owners Sea Power Shipholding SA Greece, outward bound Newport from having sailed at 22.59 12th. hrs. At 17.20 container ship MSC Sena, 35,966 tons d.w., owners Altair Carriers Co SA Cyprus, outward bound from having sailed at 11.14.

19/9 at 07.10 ocean going tug Christos XXIV, 677 tons d.w., owners not known, inward bound for Swansea.

21/9 at 09.55 cargo vessel Hathor, 3,850 tons d.w., owners Q-Shipping BV. Netherlands, inward bound for Birdport. At 14.10 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,670 tons d.w., owners United European Car Carrier Norway, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 0745.

23/9 at 12.00 vehicle carrier Hoegh America, 21,182 tons d.w., owners Hoegh Autoliners Norway, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 07.15. At 12.15 vehicle carrier Ciudad de Cadiz, 3,500 tons d.w., owners Anja 2 SNC France, inward bound from Portbury. At 13.41 vehicle carrier Coral Leader, 12,164 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury.

25/9 at 16.16 buoy tender vessel THV Mair, owners Trinity House Harwich, inward bound for Barry.

27/9 at 11.46 vehicle carrier Grande Spagne, 12,594 tons d.w. owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, inward bound for Portbury.At 12.12 container ship Fesco Askold, 13,806 tons d.w., owners Astro Moon Shipping Co Russia, inward bound for Portbury. At 14.17 vehicle carrier Grande Napoli, 14,565 tons d.w., inward bound for Portbury At 14 26 vehicle carrier Olympian Highway, 20,445 tons d.w., owners care of K Line Japan, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 10.32. At 15.00 hrs cargo vessel Triple S, 5,192 tons d.w., owners Triple S Ltd Montenegro, outward bound from Birdport having sailed at 09.03.

28/9 at 11.25 buoy maintenance vessel Patricia, 990 tons d.w., owners Lloyds Nimrod Care of Trinity House Harwich, working on the outer buoy Bideford Bay. (She departed approx 12.30 for Caldey Island, South Wales).

30/9 at 13.24 vehicle carrier Victory Leader, 13,363 tons d.w., owners Ray Car Carrier Israel, inward bound for Portbury.

Regards,

Norman.

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One hundred years ago – October 1918.

On October 1st the Gazette proclaims that it has been “The Greatest Week of the War” with the Western Front ablaze and Bulgaria surrendering; the following week we are told that “pincers are closing on the Western Front”; Franz Ferdinand’s successor Charles 1 has “renounced participation in State affairs”. Towards the end of October we begin to hear hints that Germany is making moves towards peace.

However on the home front, tribunals continue to take place as men are still needed. In fact a Government directive has been issued to all Chairmen of Tribunals warning them to show no favour or deviation from the required replacement soldiers. Mr W C Friendship, baker, has been exempted until March 1919 with many other men given 3 or 6 month exemptions.

The many friends of Capt. J Whitefield RNR of Westcroft, Bideford will be pleased to learn of the further honour that he has won in the discharge of his duty in seeking the destruction of enemy submarines. He has previously been awarded the Italian Bronze Medal for military valour. He has now had the Distinguished Service Cross conferred.

Alderman J M Metherell, J P and R S Chope, J P, ex -Mayor of Bideford will be among those visiting the Western Front this weekend at the invitation of the War Office.

The local food committee notices state that the maximum price allowed to be charged for milk is 7d per quart, with butter capped at 2/4d per pound.

Jam, marmalade, syrup, treacle and honey will be rationed from November 3rd. Children from 6-18 years will receive an extra ration of jam. Perkins & Son, Fruit Merchants of The Quay, Bideford, have been appointed receivers and packers of fruit for licensed jam factories. They will pay 3d per pound for blackberries and £12 per ton for small apples.

A £1 reward has been offered for information regarding the theft of birds’ eggs from the museum.

The Barley Mow Inn in Mill Street, Bideford, is offered for sale.

The North Devon Permanent and Terminable Benefit Building Society based at Bridge Buildings in Bideford (established 1853) offers a rate of 3.5% on deposits. Mortgages are granted on Easy Terms.

Harvest festivals and thanksgivings are being held around the area, including at Instow, Littleham, Little Torrington and Lavington in Bideford.

It is interesting to note that the Swastika was an international symbol signifying good luck until a German Nationalist leader adopted it in 1920, and it is now reviled world-wide.

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Buzz Byte; Alan Turing.

Do you know who Alan Turing was? Until I watched the 2014 film ‘The Imitation Game’ starring Benedict Cumberbatch, I did not know who he was and what he had contributed.

Mr Turing was a highly intelligent mathematician and logician. During World War II he worked for the government to crack the enemy’s codes that they received on a recovered Enigma machine. Mr Turing deviated from his original purpose and devised a machine that was eventually used to decrypt the coded messages. Along with his fellow code-breakers, working at Bletchley Park, an electro-mechanical device, named the ‘Bombe’ was created to speed up the detection of the key to that day’s encoded enigma messages. It is said the Churchill declared Mr Turing’s efforts had shortened the war by two years, saving millions of lives across the globe. This work earned him the title of ‘The Father of Modern Computing.’

It was Alan Turing who developed the idea of the modern computer and data science. Back in 1936 he wrote a paper about humans’ ability to perform a specified task ; he created a ‘universal machine’ which could decode and perform any set of instructions. It would be another 10 years before his concept was turned into a practical machine. The telephone decryption, codenamed Delilah, which he worked on during his time at Bletchley Park gave him practical experience with electronics. In 1946 Mr Turing designed the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE), which stored programmes in its memory. The key principles of theoretical and applied mathematics along with engineering and computer skills allowed him to be pioneering in these developments towards technology.

I thought that artificial intelligence (AI) was a relatively new concept, but Mr Turing had already devised the notion by claiming that a computer could rival independent human thought. He compared human and machine outputs; the Turing test. In these he predicted the advancement of AI. In his initial tests an interrogator asked the same questions of a human and a computer, not knowing which was which,(the computer responses were textual.) He debated whether computers should be seen as intelligent from the response. The idea was to determine if a computer could imitate a human, and from Facebook’s recent endeavour into AI, they can.

This is only a brief look into a very interesting and influential life. Alan Turing died in 1954, just short of his 42nd birthday, a victim of his sexuality.

Nickie Baglow.

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Shipping notes No. 161 (11th – 31st August).

Bideford Quay.

No cargoes since last issue.

Captain Hoad, the pilot since 1999, has officially retired and Capt Davis is now the pilot for the Rivers Torridge and Taw.

Appledore.

LE George Bernard Shaw is due for delivery to the Irish Navy in early September.  Trinity House buoy vessel Mair arrived 21/8 and sailed on 23rd for Barry.

Yelland Quay.

31/8 – the tug Sarah Grey arrived with floating crane in tow and berthed her at the old Yelland Oil Jetty to undertake work in the estuary.

 

 

Bristol Channel Observations.

11/8 at 11.07 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,670 tons d.w., owners United European Car Carriers Norway, inward bound for Portbury. At 13.05 cargo vessel Right Step, 4,400 tons d.w., owners Profy PP Ukraine, inward bound for Avonmouth.

12/8 at 12.45 vehicle carrier Vega Leader, 20,111 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury. A number of people saw the tanker Gulf Crystal, 74,999 tons d.w., owners Gulf Crystal Shipping Ltd Dubai UAE, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 08.15 11th anchored in Bideford Bay awaiting orders. (Sailed for Antwerp about 14.20 25th ).

14/8 at 0955 cargo vessel Wilson Borg, 3,720 tons d.w., owners Wilson Shipowning A/S Norway, inward bound for Newport. At 11.25 tanker Stolt Greenshank, 4,449 tons d.w, owners Broving Stainless AS care of Stolt Nielsen BV Netherlands, inward bound for Barry.

21/8 at 17.35 cargo vessel Zeycan Ana, 8,500 tons d.w., owners Zeycan Maritime Ltd Turkey, outward bound from Newport having sailed at 21.18 16th. At 19.00 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,700 tons d.w., owners United European Car Carriers Norway, inward bound for Portbury.

23/8 at 08.32 vehicle carrier Ciudad de Cadiz, 3,500 tons d.w., owners Anja 2 SNC, France inward bound for Portbury. At 20.30 ro-ro vessel Grande Benin, 26,009 tons d.w., owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 15.38.

24/8 at 10.40 vehicle carrier Neptune Aegli, 6,580 tons d.w., owners Aegli Shipping Greece, inward bound for Portbury. (Seen again on 25th at 08.55 having sailed from Portbury at 03.59). At 11. 07 container ship ER Hobart, 13,879 tons d.w., owners Reedererei Blue Star Holding SA Germany, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 06.18).

25/8 at 10.12 vehicle carrier Victory Leader, 13,365 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury. At 15.40 sail training vessel Lord Nelson, 368 gross tons, owners Sail Training Trust UK, outward bound from Cardiff having sailed at 07.17. At 19.10 cargo vessel Edzard Cirksena, 3,627 tons d.w., owners Kaptain Siegfried Bojen Schiffahrtsbetrieb EK Germany, inward bound for Newport.

27/8 at 10.50 vehicle carrier Taurus Leader, 19,278 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 06.18. At 12.15 cable layer Dependable, 9,200 tons d.w., owners Tyco Dependable Co USA, inward bound for Avonmouth. At 13.07 bulk carrier Crux, 32,744 d.w., owners Palme Shipping Co Greece, outward bound from Newport having sailed at 07.15. At 15.02 cargo vessel Denizhan Trio, 2,300 tons d.w., owners Trio Ship Invest Corp Turkey, outward bound from Cardiff having sailed at 08.47 25th.

29/8 at 14.41 vehicle carrier Nordic Ace, 7,387 tons d.w., owners Ray Car Carriers Ltd Israel, inward bound for Portbury.

30/8 at 07.30 container ship Fesco Askold, 13,806 tons d.w., owners Astro Moo Shipping Co Russia, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 01.18.

31/8 at 11.55 tanker Oramalia, 6,863 tons d.w., owners Malia Shipping BV Netherlands, inward bound for Portbury.

Regards,

Norman.

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Felicity’s September fish recipe.

They have been catching salmon on the River Torridge for a thousand years and this year at the Appledore and Instow Regatta there was an advert for the Open Salmon Boat races, which said that back in the 50s, 60s, and 70s there were 36 licensed salmon boats on the rivers Taw and Torridge.

Now there are none remaining! We need to celebrate the local salmon fishing skills and traditions.

So Keep Appledore Fishing.

Please join us on the Sustainable Fish Education group if you would like to help the Celebration we are planning next year ; like us on Appledoresustainabelfish face book, or contact info@sustainabelfisheducation.com.

With this lovely outdoor summer weather, we have all been able to plan BBQs. Here is an interesting easy recipe from Jamie Oliver, with a cucumber yoghurt and/or a chilli salsa which can be prepared and eaten with most BBQ food.

Crispy BBQ Salmon.

1 x1.5kg side of salmon, scaled and pin boned, or a fillet of salmon with skin on, as large as required!

Method.

1. Place the salmon skin-down on a plastic board, and using a sharp knife slash it evenly all over on the fleshy side, making the incisions about 1cm deep.

2. Scatter lemon zest and most of some chopped fennel tops or basil over the salmon and then push them into the incisions.

3. Rub the fish lightly all over with olive oil and season with salt and pepper, with extra on the skin.

4. Lay the salmon skin down on the hot BBG bars for approx. mins. Carefully turn the salmon side or fillets over and cook for 2/3 mins – while it is cooking gently lift off the skin away from the skin and cook separately until crispy.

5. Do not overcook; lift it off and place on a nice plate or board and allow to cool, then break into pieces for serving alongside the crispy skin.

Cucumber Yoghurt.

1 cucumber, peeled lengthwise in strips.

300ml natural yoghurt.

1 fresh red chilli, deseeded and finely chopped.

A bunch of mint or oregano leaves, chopped.

Extra virgin olive oil.

Cut the cucumber in half, remove and discard the seeds, chop it up and mix it in a bowl with the yoghurt. Balance the flavours with the lemon juice, half the chopped chilli and half the chopped herbs. Drizzle over a little extra virgin olive oil. Season carefully with salt and pepper.

Chilli Salsa.

1-2 red chillies, deseeded and finely chopped.

Extra virgin oil.

2-3 med. ripe tomatoes.

½ cucumber, peeled and finely diced.

Juice of 1 lime.

2 spring onions, trimmed and finely sliced.

Small handful of fresh chopped coriander leaves.

1 avocado, peeled and chopped.

Mix all these ingredients together and sprinkle with whole coriander when served.

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One hundred years ago – September 1918.

There are several Court cases this month that are worthy of mention.

Brought before Bideford Borough Magistrates was Frank Rendall, 21, a clerk of 15 Victoria Grove Meddon Street. He pleaded Not Guilty to a charge of “riding a cycle furiously” down Bideford High Street at 8.30pm on Saturday August 17th. According to the police report he was doing a least 20 mph and barely avoiding the groups of public walking in the street. He rode around the Bank corner, reappeared from Mill Street and was apprehended. Being found Guilty he was given the option of 14 days imprisonment or a fine and after reflection decided to accept a fine of One Guinea.

The Bench at Bideford County Sessions, made up of Messrs A G Duncan, the mayor Mr A Adams, Rev C H Vivian, F W Bennett, J Henriz-Smith, S Fulford, J Cock and W T Charlewood, hears of 2 youths summoned for using petrol for driving a vehicle under hire that was not properly licenced.

Wm Jenkins of Bay View Northam was fined for failing to obscure a light that could be seen for miles. Fined 6/- as a warning. The owner of 12 Kingsley Terrace Westward Ho! fined one guinea for not keeping a register of lodgers.

A 12 year old boy who pleaded guilty to stealing a pocket watch from a waistcoat in a harvest field and who was recently convicted of cruelty to a horse was ordered to receive 6 strokes of the birch. (In the United Kingdom, birching as a judicial penalty, in both its juvenile and adult versions, was abolished in 1948, but it was retained until 1962 as a punishment for violent breaches of prison discipline.)

Farmers are requested to note that Prisoners of War are available for threshing at the rate of 5d per hour and can be obtained from the POW camps at South Molton, Charles, Knowstone, Worlington and Shebbear. The men will have to be fetched and returned.

Mid-September sees the following report about Parkham weather “It is now much against any progress being made with the corn harvest. The corn which is not cut is being driven down by boisterous weather and will be very slow and troublesome to cut and will cause a lot of wastage by the ripe corn falling out. The outlook at present is rather serious with much corn waiting to be stacked”.

At Hartland the cottages and blacksmith shop mentioned last month sold to Mr John Goaman for £105.

A W Cock auctioneers have an auction at the Friendship Hotel where Nos 1-4 Clarence Terrace Meddon Street were to be sold. Number 1 sold to Mr George Brend for £245 and Number 2 to Mr Robert Ellis for £260. Numbers 2 & 4 were withdrawn at £240 & £255 but were subsequently sold after the auction for higher prices.

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford & District Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings, 9.30am – 1pm.

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Buzz Word.

Handy Cross POW Camp.

I am from Oberhausen, Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia.  I am currently working on a concept for a book about the World War 11 from the point of view of a German prisoner who spent his captivity at POW Camp in Bideford, Handy Cross. Specifically, it is about my father, who unfortunately died in 2007. I would like to use his memories, letters and narratives as the basis for this book.  I need information or clues that I could use in the book. I have already found some on Wikipedia. Is there perhaps further information?  For example, number of guards, how many people were housed there, did the prisoners work and where?  I have included some pictures and postcards from that time (1946-47) – below – and think he was friendly with the Watsons as shown in these photos with my father (on the left). Many thanks and best regards from Germany. 

Uwe Gross.  (Email supplied).

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Amy Pascoe.

I always read the ‘Buzz’ and commend you and your other volunteers for the fine little magazine. The July ’18 edition took my notice with the “Ladies’ Golf Celebrates 150 years”.

I have been compiling a history of my wife’s family ; Amy Pascoe mentioned in the article was her great great aunt. Amy was a keen sportswoman, particularly golf, and is understood to have been an acquaintance of the composer Dame Ethel Smyth (1858-1944) and the Empress Eugenie (1826-1920) of France at Farnborough Hill. She was Lady Champion, 1896, at the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake.

Ian Harrison.

*****

Stella Temple.

The booklet on 150 years of Ladies Golf featured in your July edition (a thoroughly enjoyable read) makes mention of the sporting prowess of Miss Stella Temple. Her golf alone was of a very high standard: she accompanied the English Ladies Golf Champion to America in 1909 to compete in the U S Ladies Championship, and Miss Temple herself was runner up in the English Ladies Championship in 1912. From a family with a military background, in June 1916 she joined the Red Cross as a ‘chauffeuse’ – she drove vehicles in ambulance convoys to and from the big military hospitals in Northern France, latterly ranked as ‘Commandant’. This work earned her the MBE in January 1919 – she died from pneumonia, following influenza on the 22nd March of that year. She is remembered on the memorial in St Margarets, Northam and on the Northam War Memorial.

I am hoping to mark the 100th anniversary of her death next year with the laying of a wreath. My researches have yet to reveal exactly where she is now buried – if any ‘Buzz’ reader can help me there, I would very much appreciate it.

Michael Sampson.

Name and address supplied.

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Shipping notes No. 160 (July/ August).

Bideford Quay.

Nothing since last issue . (Slight amendment for last month to the crew of the Celtic Endeavour; should have read Polish and Russian).

Appledore.

LE George Bernard Shaw returned to the yard on 16th 21.00. At the time of going to press no news of further trials.

Bristol Channel Observations.

14/7 at 09.25 bulk carrier Peace Pearl, 76,431 tons d.w., owners Peace Pearl Shipping SA Hong Kong, outward bound from Port Talbot, having sailed at 05.54.

15/7 at 08.50 vehicle carrier Victory Leader, 13,363tons d.w., owners Ray Car Carrier Israel, inward bound for Portbury. At 10.54 self-discharging bulk carrier Yeoman Bank, 38,997 tons d.w., owners Aggregate Industries Ltd UK, inward bound for Portbury. At 14.55 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,670 tons d.w, owners United European Car Carriers Norway, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 10.40. At 15.31 vehicle carrier Grande Napoli, 14,565 tons d.w. owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, inward bound for Portbury. (Seen again at 15.40 16th outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 10.27).

17/7 at 16.00 vehicle carrier Grande Sicilia, 12,353 tons d.w., owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, inward bound for Portbury.

19/7 At 18.25 vehicle carrier CSCC Tianjin, 12,300 tons d.w, owners Ray Car Carriers Israel, inward bound for Portbury. (Again on the 21/7 at 06.08 outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 02.05).

20/7 At 17.12 vehicle carrier Ruby Ace, 18,724 tons d.w., owners Mitsui OSK Lines Japan, inward bound for Portbury & slow steaming in Bideford Bay. (Seen again outward bound 21/7 at 21.10 having sailed at 17.08).

22/7 at 19.00 vehicle carrier Lavender Ace, 17,262 tons d.w. owners Mitsui OSK Lines Japan inward bound for Portbury. (Seen again on 23/7 at 19.56 outward bound from Portbury, having sailed at 14.50). At 20.30 the tanker Stolt Redshank, 4,999 tons d.w., owners Stolt Nielsen BV Netherlands, outward bound from Barry having sailed 16.34.

23/7 at 18.04 cargo vessel Rebecca Hartmann, 2,420 tons d.w., owners Hammann Prahn Reederei Germany, inward bound for Avonmouth.

24/7 at 11.52 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,670 tons d.w., owners United European Car Carrier Norway, inward bound for Portbury. (At 11.30 26/7 vessel seen again outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 07.27). At 20.00 the vehicle carrier Opal Leader, 12,300 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, outward bound from Portbury having sailed at 15.30.

27/7 at 14.30 container ship MSC Sena, 35,966 tons d.w., owners Altair Carriers Co SA Cyprus, outward bound from Portbury, having sailed at 10.09. At 14.57 vehicle carrier Equuleus Leader, 20,141 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury.

30/7 at 08.27 vehicle carrier Grande Spagne, 12,594 tons d.w., owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, inward bound for Portbury.

3/8 at 13.57 vehicle carrier RCC Prestige, 11,196 tons d.w., owners Prestige Ray Ltd Isle of Man, inward bound for Portbury.

5/8 at 12.45 vehicle carrier Coral Leader, 12,594 tons d.w., owners Nippon Yusen Kaisha Japan, inward bound for Portbury. At 19.40 cargo vessel BBC Bahrain, 7,967 tons d.w., owners Briese Heavylifts GMBH & Co K.G Germany, inward bound for Swansea. At 21.00 vehicle carrier Autosun, 6,670 tons d.w. owners United European Car Carrier Norway, inward bound for Portbury.

7/8 at 07.40 vehicle carrier Grande Ellade, 18,440 tons d.w., owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, inward bound for Portbury. At 09.58 Grande Portogallo, 12,594 tons d.w., owners Grimaldi Line of Italy, inward bound for Portbury.

8/8 at 08.17 cargo vessel Darina, 4,554 tons d.w., owners Spaarnediep 11 BV Russia, outward bound from Newport having sailed at 02.00 7/8. At 19.40 tanker Gulf Crystal, 74,999 tons d.w., owners Gulf Crystal Shipping Ltd Dubai UAE, inward bound for Portbury. At 19.50 cargo vessel Paula C, 5,000 tons d.w., owners Carisbrooke Shipping Cowes IOW, inward bound for Sharpness.

10/8 at 08.05 vehicle carrier Grande Anversa, owners Grimaldi Line of Italy inward bound for Portbury. At 21.35 bulk carrier Lapis, 24,804 tons d.w. owners Sochi Shipping Ltd Greece, inward bound for Newport.

Regards, Norman.

Editor’s Note.

We will continue to publish Norman’s shipping news on our website at www.bidefordbuzz.org.uk.

Hard copies can also be supplied on request. Contact us on editor@bidefordbuzz.org.uk or via Norman on 01271 861183 or Hardaker33@btinternet.com

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“Buzz” website policy.

Buzz” now publishes online only, and we no longer produce a downloadable monthly pdf.  We’ll maintain our archive of past copies and articles of community & local historical interest – a significant proportion of our 420-500 weekly visits are to this type of content.

The website comprises our usual articles (gardening notes, shipping news, cookery, local history, IT advice, etc) and some, not all, matters of community interest. We rely on our local community’s continuing participation in this! There will be no commercial input or advertising, and in fact no regular monthly advertising or schedules for anyone.  We will give publicity to major community events (Regatta, Christmas Lights, Art Trek, etc). We’ll feature local community organisations and their events from time to time, but not on a regular basis. The aim is to limit the number of monthly posts to 15-20, some of which will subsequently be retained in the archive.

The contact details will be the same – Rose Arno on editor@bidefordbuzz.org.uk for all articles for consideration, and the telephone numbers 07929-976120 and 01237-476549.

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Buzz Byte; August.

As you will be aware software can be almost as expensive as the PC or laptop itself! You don’t have to have the top names and pay the top prices – there are many products on the market and some are even open source (free). In this edition of ‘Buzz Byte’ I will look at Google doc vs MS Word vs free software – LibreOffice.

Google Documents is free for basic personal documents but there are more in-depth options through G-Suite by Google cloud. Offers smart editing and styling tools. There are various different styles of spreadsheets and google slides which allows you to create presentations with themes, embedded videos and animations. In addition to all this Google Forms offers the ability to create forms, polls or a quiz, as well as manage email subscription newsletters, making it useful for small businesses and individuals.

LibreOffice is also a free word processing package. You can expect from Libre access to writing documents, spreadsheets, presentations, databases, mathematical formula editing and draw, giving access to vector graphics and flowcharts. Libre is about people, culture, creation, sharing and collaboration. LibreOffice is community-driven and developed software, and is a project of the not-for-profit organization, The Document Foundation.

Microsoft Word offers four levels of packages, currently starting at £60 with one package available on monthly subscription – Office 365. Microsoft offer the same word processing and design packages as the free products with the additional bonus of the webmail service outlook. MS offers tailor made packages for home, business and student use.

Before installing a free package, make sure it is compatible with programs such as Word ; a lot of businesses and large organisations have word packages such as Office 365 for documents at home so that employers or potential employers can open files.

As always the choice is down to customer preference, but if you want for information pop into your local computer store.

Nickie Baglow . Complete Computing.

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One hundred years ago – August 1918.

(Regular readers will recall that the Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway closed on Wednesday 17th March 1917). R Dymond & Son are selling by auction on August 21st the Sheds and General Stores left after the rolling stock had gone. An Engine Shed (wood), 2 Wooden signal boxes, 4 more corrugated iron huts and offices, 7 miles of telephone line from Bideford to Appledore consisting of wire, insulators and posts plus 3 level crossing gates and wheel gear for opening them, 110 Windsor chairs, forms, desks, trestle tables, large street lamps, gate lamps, engine head lamps, signalling lamps and stoves. 7 acetylene generators plus 20 lots of track and train equipment.

Bideford UDC and Bideford RDC urgently require ‘All fruit stones including date stones and hard nut shells for immediate and urgent war purposes’. Collection from jam factories, hotels, restaurants and canteens as well as private houses is needed. With the consent of Education Authorities school children are urged to bring stones for despatch to a munitions department in southern England. Stones will be converted into charcoal to be used in the British respirator, and this type of charcoal has the power to absorb many times more volume than other forms of charcoal.

The possibility of a grouping of local authorities in connection with the work of reconstruction after the war may be said to have come within the range of practical politics. At a gathering of members of Bideford Town Council and Northam Urban District Council at Gammaton Reservoirs the subject was broached and tentative discussion took place.

Walter E Ellis, the proprietor of Ellis & Son builders who are engaged in the repair of Bideford bridge for the Bridge Trust, appeared before the local Tribunal to plead for exemption from the draft. When asked how long the work would go on he said ”Until long after the war is ended” At interview he agreed that he had a 59 year old foreman mason who could oversee the work so he was instructed to be available for service on 1st October

Harvest Help Scheme. Plymouth College OTC went into Farford, Hartland camp arriving by train while 20 students cycled to Hartland and others went by bus. 40 lads will go to Cabbacott at Parkham, these lads come from Devonport High School. Woolsery has lads from the Rossall School, Fleetwood Lancashire.

Property for Sale: Milford Farm, Hartland, 165 acres; 6 bedroom farmhouse and 2 cottages at Elmscott Hartland including a Blacksmith Shop.Wear Gifford Mills and land, 23 acres. Grazing land at Jopes (Chopes?) Bridge, 8 acres. Freehold Dock & Land comprising 0 acres 2 rods 23 perches. Canada Cottage, Barnstaple Street, East the Water, Bideford. Dublin & Wacklow Cottages also at Barnstaple Street. Hill Cliff & Stables, garden at Buckleigh Westward Ho! Also Hill Crest Buckleigh, Hardisworthy Farm, Hartland 43 acres

These and many more items of local interest are available to read at the Bideford & District Community Archive at the Council Offices, Windmill Lane, Northam. Tel: 01237 471714. Open Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings or visit our website

www.bidefordarchive.org.uk.


 

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North Devon coast monographs.

 

 

 

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Clothes for a heat wave?

Fashions change constantly – especially for women. In early Victorian England fashionable women were wearing yards of usually black cloth with their bodies crushed inside spring steel and whalebone corsets. This particular combination severely constrained their movement, and clearly without freedom of dress there was little freedom of movement – and possibly even of ideas.

This was all challenged in 1851 when an American woman Mrs.Amelia Bloomer started to publicise her views on a new style of dress that would ‘liberate’ women. Colloquially termed the ‘Bloomer’ costume it was described in a contemporary book (in rather sexist language) – ‘It resembles male attire, being an open fronted jacket and loose trousers, the latter wide like those of the Turk, but gathered in at the ankles, and when a lady super-added to these, wears a broad-leafed hat, she looks quite as masculine as her lord.’

North Devonians, often seen as very conservative not to say old-fashioned, must have been astonished when in December 1851 a Mrs.Franklin staged a public meeting in Bideford where she spoke on the need for a more ‘liberated’ style of dress – whilst wearing one of the new-fangled ‘Bloomer’ costumes!

Apparently the audience wasn’t that large and amongst the ones who did attend there were few women, it being noted at the time that if they had attended they would have been ‘proud of their sister orator who, we venture to assert without hesitation, would have put many of our masculine platformers to the blush. Her style throughout was lucid, eloquent and convincing.’ A nicely patronising touch there – clearly written by a man.

Unfortunately the ‘Bloomer’ costume never took off as it was mercilessly mocked in the newspapers and magazines of the day – though the freer style of dress did make a triumphant return in the 1890s and 1900s when women followed men by taking up cycling and adopted a much looser style of costume.

Chope’s Catalogue.

In these days of internet buying and vast shopping malls smaller shops are finding it ever harder to make a decent living. Here in Bideford many of our older shops have gone in the last 20 years – including Chopes which was once a major presence in the High Street. Today the Chope family still run the bookshop ‘Walter Henry’s’ (named after W.H.Chope) but their large shop is now operated by ‘McKay’s.’

Chopes didn’t just rely on casual passers-by – they also issued catalogues illustrating the latest fashions with an offer to make up the designs for customers. These catalogues are a wonderful source of fashion designs and doubtless the arrival of the latest ‘Chope’s book’ was a red-letter day in many households.

The earliest surviving one I have seen dates from 1901 and shows some ludicrously wasp-waisted women wearing classic sweeping Victorian dresses and carrying stick-thin parasols. Chope’s did also sell corsets so perhaps these waists were achievable but I doubt it.

The firm continued issuing such guides for some decades after that. An undated catalogue which was probably issued in the 1940s strikes a rather contemporary note when it included a letter from the store which notes ‘This brochure gives some suggestions for tailored styles, any of which can be copied in our workrooms. We make a speciality of adapting youthful styles for larger figures.’ What a wonderfully polite way of putting it! I here reproduce two of the fashion plates inside, the one on the left just out of an Agatha Christie novel! It is odd to think that these very fashionable clothes would now fall into the category of ‘retro’ or even ‘vintage’ today – if any have survived!

Peter Christie.

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Felicity’s summer lunch.

Scallop Cerviche.

Ingredients –

1-2 tbsp ground cumin.

Tbsp. lime juice.

1 red pepper, seeded and chopped.

1tbsp. orange juice.

3 spring onions.

500 – 900g scallops.

1-2 tbsp chopped coriander.

1 hot red chilli, finely chopped.

I small onion, finely chopped.

3 ripe tomatoes, seeded and chopped.

1 lime, sliced for garnish.

Method –

1. Stir the cumin into the lime and orange juices and pour the mixture over the scallops

2. Mix in the chopped chilli pepper and red pepper and red onion, cover, and refrigerate for at least 2 hours.

3. Drain the scallops and mix with the chopped tomatoes, sweet peeper scallions and coriander just before serving.

Garnish with the slices of lime.

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